Universities in California, Michigan claim they need affirmative action

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The University of Michigan and the University of California argue that efforts to build a diverse student population without positive action have not gone well, according to the New York Times.

Why it matters: The Supreme Court will consider the future of affirmative action later this fall. Information from the University of Michigan and the University of California can play a role in this.

Send the news: Lawyers for the universities recently argued in amicus briefs filed with the Supreme Court that the schools struggled to create a racially diverse freshman class without affirmative action, according to the New York Times.

  • “Despite sustained, vigorous and diverse efforts to increase the racial and ethnic diversity of students through race-neutral means, the admission and enrollment of underrepresented minority students has declined rapidly in many of UM’s schools and colleges,” Michigan’s order read. .
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By the numbers: The University of California, Berkeley, admitted 258 black students and 27 Native American students to its 2021 freshman class, which was made up of 6,931 students, according to school data.

  • At the University of Michigan, 4% of the incoming freshman class for 2021 was black students, per NYT.
  • The University of California has spent more than $500,000 on outreach efforts to increase diversity, the Times reports.
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The big picture: The Supreme Court is expected to hear two cases that could determine the future of affirmative action in higher education, writes TSWT’ Oriana Gonzalez.

  • Affirmative action supporters worry that the court — which has three Trump appointees — will repeal admissions policies that help black and Hispanic students, TSWT reports.

Zoom in: The conservative nonprofit Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA) claims Harvard and the University of North Carolina discriminate against Asian-American candidates.

  • Lower courts already ruled in favor of Harvard and the University of North Carolina, saying their programs used race in a limited way to create a diverse student population.
  • According to Reuters, the Biden administration last year asked the Supreme Court to dismiss the challenges posed by school policy.
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Go deeper: The next Supreme Court term could be just as contentious

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